Pour cette conférence, le CINQ a le plaisir d'accueillir Mme Denise Klein. Mme Klein est professeure agrégée au département de neurologie et de neurochirurgie de McGill University. Elle dirige le Centre for Research on Brain, Language and Music et est neuropsychologue au Cognitive Neuroscience Group du Montreal Neurological Institute.
Titre de la conférence : Language experience and its role in changing our brains
Résumé : How does our experience with language impact human brain organization? In this presentation, I will focus on research that we have conducted spanning three decades in which we combined behavioral methods with functional neuroimaging (PET and fMRI) under different language learning scenarios, to investigate how neural recruitment is influenced by the age of acquisition, proficiency in the language, and the distinctive characteristics of languages. I will discuss the use of anatomical techniques such as voxel-based morphometry-VBM, cortical thickness measures, diffusion tensor tractography to enhance our understanding of the critical-period phenomena and neural plasticity in the human brain. The program of research addresses the extent to which the human brain has the capacity to change as a result of learning. Here, we specifically investigate the extent to which the neural patterns are fixed and the extent to which the patterns can be altered later in life. The results of these studies reveal the neural underpinnings of human brain development in relation to the age of language exposure, and they suggest periods when learning language are most optimal in early life.
Jeudi le 7 novembre 2019
Centre de recherche CERVO, salle F-1455
2601 chemin de la Canardière, Québec
13h30 - 14h30 : Conférence
15h00 - 16h00 : Café discussion avec les étudiants et stagiaires postdoctoraux (Inscription obligatoire)
Au plaisir de vous y voir en grand nombre !